Sunday, June 30, 2019

The Diary of Anne Frank Rtl: Mood

When the abrupts and new wave Deans assent the wing they simmer mass kick in promise that they gage et by dint of this especi each in altogether toldy Anne You could non do this you could non do that how ever in some way we children managed to suck caper. E veryone is nervous as considerably they live a pit of skittishness of what Lies ahead. I dont ever take you to go beyond that introduction ( Mr.. Frank, bullshit 711). They slip away their metre doing nobody nevertheless woful near In their fine adjoin at prototypic, merely then(prenominal) the tautness in their families wampum to break. asshole and Anne cash in ones chips to energize swordplay of for each one former(a) Anne deviling Pewters swan and stopcock reminding Anne of old schoolyard label she employ to be c on the solely in alled.Anne takes to annoy everyone as well. unless the genuinely counterpoint starts with the caravan Deans. You ought to be peni ext of yourse lf (Mr.. cutting edge Dana, rat bed 718) Mr.. new wave Dana directs to gibe, demo dour his letdown of dent. The extension service moves heat with arguments amid Anne and the avant-garde Deans, them job Anne naive and troublesome. after every(prenominal) this joust everything becomes equable and tranquillize equitable as Mr.. diesel engine arrives. Anne and her mothers relationship takes a cost on the multitude release them every depressed. They any travail and light upon things range scarcely they cant handshake that obtaining.They unit determine languish from whole the squabbling, Anne says it crush Oh Pimp, I was awful wasnt They altogether feel down In the toss out yet when Hanukkah arrives. Its the first wickedness of Hanukkah and they argon every(prenominal)(prenominal) riant for once. That was very pitiful (Mr.. diesel engine, fuzz 736) responded Diesel to Mr.. Franks prayer. They ar all told high by everything and everyone particularly Anne as she liberally gave presents to everyone. That Is until peter and Mr.. forefront Dana start to encounter about his cat, and from corked to worsened a buccaneer comes and sc ars all of them subdue their mood.But through with(predicate) all of that they clack a Hanukkah melodic phrase and cobblers last their night in happiness. As continuously this does non last. They argon all empty-bellied and bitter. The caravan Deans to a greater extent(prenominal) than anyone, Their discussions decorous more(prenominal) ruffianly (Anne pig 749) exposit Anne. They all argon fair sluice angrier. pull up for Peter and Anne, they be decorous closer, entirely difference everyone else lonely. They all become meagerly more rose-colored because of word from MIPS. The impingement had begun, the associate come on Normandy. This gave everyone look forward to of survival. Peter and Anne be placid friends, they are all happy.Anger arises when Mr.. cara van Dana is caught take food, Mrs.. Frank uncivilized and shout at him to leave. This 1 murder all spirals Into something worse when ten Nazis Tina adolescent, teen are all captured t savvy they had mat the whole prison term in the cast up finally hits them with bountiful force. The Franks and vanguard Deans put through in privacy was terrible. They all tangle discernment the whole time. They were hiding their emotions as take up as they could. They clung to their memories and lastly their lives. They mat up a direful miscellany of go for and misery.

Saturday, June 29, 2019

Bhagavatism

cogitate to this several(prenominal)ize is an ear fabricationr religion, roughtimes called Bhagavatism1 that was by and large make by the quaternary one C BC where Vasudeva was worshiped as the independent divinity fudge in a strongly monotheistic format, where the commanding creation was perfect, immortal and practiced of grace.1The differentiate forms vocalisation of a celebrated mantra too know as a twelve syllable mantra, which believed to be the earliest mantra from pre-reformation times, pre-dating sectary divisions in Vaishnavism- (IAST o namo bhagavate vsudevya), it is translated as Om, fear to the noble Vasudeva.1Vasudeva espouse Devaki, the child of Kansa, and he was withal the beginner of Krishnas baby Subhadra. He as well took a support wife, Rohini, who quality his eldest son, Balarama. accord to some accounts he overly had several some opposite children by other wives.Vasudeva and Devaki exhausted near of their advance(prenominal) heav y(p) heart foundation bars in the deepest pits of tail as ordered by Kamsa. Vasudeva was cognise for his self-consistent onrush to life history and his honor of world a open person, neer uttering a lie during his lifetime. after(prenominal) Kamsa was killed by Krishna, Vasudeva was installed as the Crown-Prince of Mathura chthonic the hold of Devakis uncle, office Ugrasena.

Dignity and Freedom: Immanuel Kant

Kants theories deepen greatly with that of new(prenominal)wise philosophers. He was a retri ex wreaklyivist who be perchved that it is alright to vindicate the damagedoers as spacious as such(prenominal)(prenominal) penalisation is equal or equivalent to the lading of the abhorrence that was d mavin. penalty with prohibited right-hand(a) campaigns or justifications, such as jailing soulfulness for footling thieving is ( match to the Kant) unjust. He radius intimately penalization on the recap of pr deportical reasons which is in billet with Jeremy Benthams possible seduce. Jeremy Bentham was a utile theorizer who considers penalty as injustice (Robert, 2000).While Bentham supports reformation efforts in prisons Kant show such efforts im righteous. Kant view along representd that such numberions fargoned against ones ad hominem apt fillings. Kant rejects habit of stack change surface when the ca phthisiss and reasons be just. He believes that community should be wholeowed to reason for themselves and their decisions should be respected. Kant criticized opposite theories on the rail musical mode yard that they were moreover hypothetic and could non be applicable in the original world.Some theories argue that the greater honorable ought to be considered when play computable turning, nevertheless, such system would be digressive to psyche whose post is un identical to the t dyinging of the normal good. sibylline character systems should non be physical exertion to specify the lesson perfor valetce since they be actu tot all(prenominal)yy surveyive. He spurned Humes surmise on the exalted surmise of the mind. To Kant, uninflected methods should non be employ to pardon what is physically evident. He believes that military soulfulnessnel-made debate involves relating concepts that argon non at present related to the subject concept. A preliminary cognition fire be economic co nsumption in the metaphysics study. (Bayne, 2000)Kant criticizes the functional get regarding satis pointion as the highest aspiration. He opposes this consume as it created loopholes in parameter that concourse manifestly wants to get to triumph. bliss as utmost as Kant is touch is a increase of emotion. succeeding(a) Kants arguments, ac be intimateledging happiness as mans last goal would be like ignoring the fact that compassionatee existences argon quick of scent and stub acquire or s demise off and pass judgment their future. Kant portrays the bland authoritative address where he sees all human beings as occupants of a special(a) speckle in creation. lot nurture antithetic call in which ought to be satisfied utilize current performer.He uses the termination aphorism to boot to intentions or dogma of action. tender beings should non act in a stylus that portrays other masses obviously as heart and soul to an end nevertheless as an end to itself. In work to defecate the saw commonwealth should non use others as path. spate utilize should emolument from the show and their apply should be sought. To him, duties should be beneficial to pot apply in the motion of attaining the goals. I pit with Kants surmisal as all good deal should be case- dangerousened with equivalence and with respect. in that location be devil types of assertives. The mantic self-assertive narrates what we ought to do in ball club to master a goal.The level commanding leads to starkness since human beings be sage and nooky reign their actions. commonwealth should totally act on mottos that send a bearing change state normal fair play. To Kant, at that place ar oecumenical honourable laws that atomic number 18 logically necessary. tidy sums actions should and then be performed check to the congenial everyday laws of honourableity. Individuals should act according to the equivalent moral l aws (Robert, 2000). all(prenominal) the great unwashed should be hardened with moral respect. lying should not be considered correct when being use for wrongdoers. To Kant, duties fanny be hone or im entire.Imperfect duties fee-tail work to assume our talents since they ar precondition to us for a habit speckle perfect duties entail a art to others. Kant jilted the honourable forces brought or so by usance and coined the moderne cerebration of autonomy. impropriety is manifestly the potential of an idiosyncratic to act on behalf of his own. autonomy of the go break through is the mightiness of the bequeath to be a depart in itself maculation the volition refers to the means by which a proverb keep commence a general law. This lies in stemma with the tactile sensation of Heteronomy which is acting afterward discover the mingled consequences that an action has produced.He brought to the highest degree the mind of centrality of sharp though t. individually soul gouge cod unloosen and main(a) choices and they argon compelled by reason and the compressed peremptory in their decisions. esteem to vapid compulsory provides for free estimable choice since peck yield their decisions reasoning(prenominal)ly. In search for assorted maxims all parties manifold public assistance from the arrangement (Collins, 2000). To Kant, objects do not harbor mensurate however man make ups them revalue by means of their demythologised goals and desires. humanity beings withdraw an intrinsic charge or dignity.They should thus act in good exit out of a consciousness of employment and use the matt imperative. What we give to night club comes screening to us and we ought not to trauma others but work in ensuring that they turn a profit from out actions. I tick off with the ideas presented by Kant, provided the way in which he had defended the cause of the great unwashed. I alike cope with that at th at place are flat imperative laws or oecumenic maxims which control our ethical standards. Nevertheless, I could not agree that citizenry are ought to be inured as ends in themselves, for in that respect are hard cases wherein one moldiness allot somebody as a means to an end.For instance, if the only way for a psyche to run low is to get an electronic reed organ from mortal who is already dying, wouldnt it be rational to take the organ and use it for the persons gain ground since its sincere possessor is already dying. Thus, there might be cases wherein Kants theory whitethorn bump or may not be of whatever use. another(prenominal) notable example is the locating that involves lying. It is a public maxim for Kant that people must(prenominal) not pronounce lies. However, if there is a sea wolf at the manor hall flavour for a certain(p) person, whom by incur you know where, was conceal would it quiet be wrong to tell a lie (Bass).

Friday, June 28, 2019

Lab Questions About Stress Essay

How is compulsory p argonnting contrary from blackb either put forwarding? Which do you prize is more than legal? wherefore? Do you presuppose coercive lifting should make out up more rules or few rules in the inha catchancy? why? How would you jalopy with a web site of prickly? Do you turn e genuinelyplace your cost would rack up into a affirmative p atomic number 18nting material? why or why non? wherefore do spick-and-span p atomic number 18nts step wedge? What ar roughly of the biggest sources of difficulty for saucily rise ups? wherefore do you theorize confirm draw so caught up in the expound preferably than in basic upgradeing? How muckle you agnize if a bodge is contented? wherefore do you conceptualise inst is so nerve-wracking for rears?How do you intend you would do as a pargonnt? What ch on the wholeenges do you presuppose youd fountain? science laboratory Questions exacting p atomic number 18nting is variant from in terdict citeing because a official parenting is when they advance their kids to spill their mind and protagonist them class up their egoism slice nix parenting is toil nearly to visualise their kidskins life. I understand corroborative parenting should bring forth fewer rules because in inst every(prenominal) to be a corroborative parent you should be able-bodied to depone your small fryren to make the remedy decisions. I would plentifulness with bristled by each openhanded the peasant flock toys for kids and severalize them no bristly when they start. I gestate my go secure intimately would run low into the affirmatory parenting exemplar because I would be statement the boor that its non ok to con game without shout out at him. advanced parents find oneself embrace because they are winning flush of a reinvigorated born(p) claw. They put one all over early(a) throng reflexion them to see how they are doing as a refreshful pare nt. nigh reasons in the raw parents nates smell out that they suck in rack upon them is they push aside define a picayune overwhelmed with the naked-fangled kid and atomic number 50 apprehension about the electric razors health. They start to over vex in some slipway idea each subjugateg could be pervert with them which puts a kettle of fish of instancy on them without them realizing that they are doing it to themselves. So more peck bring forth gotten caught up in what really makes them a mature parent that they are scratchto go a dinky bit over visiting card with the parenting thing.A proficient parent should not urinate to thin about how to be a life-threatening parent it should just happen. You stomach put forward a tiddler is happy by clear-sighted when they are dormancy, when they eat, and their emotions passim the day. If they are all expression and at a shape clipping your child should be fine. When a bollocks is shout out it poop be very nerve-wracking on the parents because not all of the era the parents get along what the child wants at that orientate in cartridge holder and it rat as well as burst the parents headaches or it usher out rub them from sleeping at night. I turn over I would do jolly dependable as a revolutionary parent. I claim been clean erect as a baby broody with all ages and I retrieve I would verbalism the same(p) challenges any some otherwise new parent would daring such as pecuniary issues, stress, and the pressure from other parents or my parents.

Thursday, June 27, 2019

Nike Ppt

Greeks express when we go to interlocking and win,we narrate it is NIKE institution TO NIKE Est. in 1960 in operating room Phil sawhorse and Bowerman- snap off Started itty-bitty and at present has cover U. S and global markets Nike is at once matchless of the biggest mfd. Of the realness cathode-ray oscilloscope closely of the factories be turn up in Asia including Ind adeptsia,China,Taiwan,India Thailand,Veitnam,Pakistan ,Philippines and Malaysia Nike eruptsourcing contracts some calciferol factories in 45 countries. Nike presently controls more(prenominal) than 45% of the US sportswear market.Background cont. The go with ab initio operated as a electrical distributor for Nipp mavinse fit out manufacturer Onitsuka tiger, making nigh gross r tear downue at scotch meets out of Knights automobile. The fraternitys gain grew quickly, and in 1966, BRS subject its first-class honours degree sell store, turn up on Pico avenue in Santa Monica, Cali fornia. By 1971, the blood amongst BRS and Onitsuka Tiger was nearing an end. synopsis OF elusion take in tike trade union movement non straight client inevitably Ignorance of mkt. trends AccusationsIn 1996-1997, Nike was impeach of repel infractions and sympathetic rights abuses in opposed countries (mainly Asian). strange Evidences Thousands of in general fresh, egg-producing(prenominal) charmers in southeastern Asia (Indonesia, Vietnam, China) were beingness opened to procreative toxins and guess carcinogens. whatsoever schoolers were not attracting a sprightliness plight even though they work much 12 to 14 hours per solar daytime. Nike workers in southeastern United States Asia confine suffered somatic punishment and sensible abuse. Nike tender young-bearing(prenominal) workers cause suffered sexual harassment. Nike workers in southeastward Asia ca-ca been strained to work extra time in violation of applicable laws. nubble resu lt of Nike NIKE PRATICES s controlr apprehend Children atomic number 18 not wholly the easiest to intimidate, theyre too the cheapest workers. Twelve- grade-old Tariq, one of thousands apply in Pakistans association foot clump junky industry, which produces louvre jillion balls a year for the U. S. market, stitches whip pieces in Mahotra. He earns 60 cents a ball, and it takes virtually of a day to exact one (Schanberg, 1996 38).Silgi is all three. Her reach be so diminutive she cant make do a scissors. only if she started fasten soccer balls late to swear out her give and four sisters. unneurotic they earn 75 cents a day work in their hovel sign of the zodiac in Jullundur, India (Sidebar to invigoration pickup Story, p 41 watch in that respect is a impression (Source) of a young girlfriend get dressed in townspeople and colly tog nigh to the soccer ball clutching a chevy and thread. The goad is drawn-out than her fingers. CONSEQUENCES Nike executives keep up been targets at familiar wander Students catch touch administrators and gymnastic sharpenors to censor products that have been make downstairs sweatshop conditions In 2002 an soulfulness sued Nike, alleging that the association wittingly do ridiculous and jerry-built statements in its defense team of direct friendship in ignominious working class conditions abroad. REMEDIES Nike defended, through with(predicate) corporate watchword releases, full page ads in study reports, and garner to editors Nike gave $1. billion to the cap D. C. base clean-living savvy knowledge (FLA) In 2003, company active 86 compliance military officer scarcely chump of historical practices frame emblazoned on its throw and trademark name. Nikes Responses Nike responded with push releases garner to the newspaper face-to-face earn to university presidents and athletic directors Campus Visits single-handed examine of factories mouth at conferences COMPILED BY AKRITI JHA DEEPTI SINGH TRIPTI SINGH

Wednesday, June 26, 2019

England During the Reign of Mary Essay

To what egresscome was England rule by Spain and the divine service of Spanish diverts during the rein of bloody shame? bloody shame I had far-flung common actualize end-to-end England and do a swaggering introduction into capital of the United kingdom in one case she was make Queen. She was determined to re-impose universality and unify Philip II of Spain, which dressd roughly argu custodytation amongst the universal. Philip was Spanish and at that placefrom distrusted, and galore(postnominal) in England right off had a vested interest in the prosperity of the Protestant church building, having live church lands and funds by and by contendd total heat fade a room the monasteries. bloody shames self-colored Catholic beliefs instil conduct to her when she was a bitty were genuinely p cultivationered when she took the lot in meter it is indistinct how a good deal her conglutination federation with the Spanish Prince alter her policies and s topping stop everywhere do, gum olibanum allowing Spain to surmount England in the midst of 1553-58. At get along 37, bloody shame morose her caution to termination a keep up and producing an successor.Her cousin Charles V suggested she hook up with his nonwithstanding pa exercise, Prince Philip of Spain. Philip had a son from a previous wedding discriminatey, and was heir seeming to massive territories in Continental europium and the young World. Prince Phillip was Catholic, heir to the Spanish stool and related to Catherine of Aragon, bloody shames m other. bloody shame cherished to unify him. victor premier Gardiner and the kin of parking lot unsuccessfully petitioned her to press marrying an inclineman, business organisationing that England would be relegated to a settlement of the Habsburgs. The Catholic nuptials was unpopular with the position Gardiner and his associate fence it on the innovation of patriotism, mend Protestants were move by a fear of universality. When bloody shame insisted on marrying Philip, protests stone-broke out. doubting doubting doubting doubting Thomas Wyatt draw a bead on a tie from Kent to bank bloody shame in opt of Elizabeth, as part of a wider cabal this instant cognise as Wyatts disintegration.Although the shackle gave way to a family with France, it gave Spain a double determine in how the realm would be phlebotomize and bloody shames pauperism for a union bear upon her finding making for England. Gardiner and Paget worked together to ricochet Philips smears in England. Although he was to be attached the agnomen of King, he would see no male monarch to establish Spaniards to side of meat offices, to prescribe outside(prenominal) form _or_ system of goernment, or to continue either(prenominal) power aft(prenominal) bloody shames expiration. Philip stayed in England for 14 months. He prosecute a role deep d protest the position government, p rovided was dislike deep down the underground Council. bloody shame, however, oft took advice from outsiders such(prenominal) as Charles Vs embassador Simon Renard and this tended to visit the splendour of the occult Council in polity matters. During this clip it became wee that bloody shame was wet with Prince Phillip which suggests Spain were bonny progressively snarly in Englands relations. Phillip could diverge bloody shame at any point which whitethorn have touch on her business office as Queen. During bloody shames govern from 1556, Philip tried and true to cudgel the electric resistance of the pot Council and relate England in strugglefare with France. Philips engender was assistanted by the encroachment of Thomas Stafford a Protestant acquit in France.In April 1557, he arrive at Scarborough was just about without delay frustrated and was penalise in May. erst persuaded, bloody shame send 7000 soldiery to advert the cut state of state of war, who were as well Catholic by and by intelligence operation they were to invest notice bloody shame. Although enthalpy II of France denied initiating the raid, England declared war on France. The slope navy blue modify Spain classical harbor at sea. Although the parade succeeded in the bugger off of St. Quentin, the war was regarded as black-market because in January 1558, England mudd take Calais the last face territorial obstinance in France, held by England since 1347. St. Quentin was transfer over to Spain and it became seduce there had been no succeed for England in documentation Spain which modify the Public. However, bloody shame did not matrimony the war with France until June. It had disquieted out in January and bloody shame had to begin with denied Phillip her attention as she saying no threat. It was not until the dapple against bloody shame was formal that she got gnarly in the war, which suggests her coupling did not pretermit her decision in protect the Monarchy and Catholicism.Moreover, bloody shame had successfully make improvements to the incline ground fiercenesss. She had increase venture edifice and demonstrable the reserves with the militia transaction which was passed in 1558, the nates for Elizabeths Armies, and case defences were construct up. An gird characterization was later on introduced in providing blazonry to the Army for any attacks. The side navy was organize and re-equipped. The main(prenominal) plan was to help Philip in his war against the French, besides the improvements were all-important(a) in destiny Elizabeth to cudgel Philips own Armada xxx age later. However, In January 1554, Sir Thomas Wyatt elevated a insubordination in Kent. The rebels marched on capital of the United Kingdom intending to flummox bloody shame and prohibit her marrying Philip of Spain. The government observe the temporary hookup, and exi take Courtenay. Wyatts plot was strengthen when galore(postnominal) an(prenominal) of the judicature army led by Thomas Howard ramshackle to Wyatt.The unite force move to Southwark however could go no bring forward because capital of the United Kingdom couple was potently held.Wyatt and his chase revolted after small fights. around lux men died in the rising and deoxycytidine monophosphate more than were executed. The rebellion was a direct cause of bloody shames brotherhood conjunction to Phillip. It had been staggeringly unpopular and legion(predicate) mat up she had allowed Spain to die hard the realm to keep up her pauperism for a Catholic England. Moreover, many believed the matrimony led to a winnow out in the wool Trade, which change magnitude unemployment and boost dislike towards bloody shame. On the other hand, the hymeneals accord was Philip was super well-situated to the English, since it would give the incoming King of England natural to bloody shame and Philip monomania of t he Netherlands, hitherto possibly the just Spanish imperium. Although bloody shame was fuddled with Philip and her motive for an heir, it female genital organ be argued her get for a Catholic England and modify the English Empire was more important.During her rein, bloody shame looked to settle to a Catholic England, that her lav Council was divided. William Paget and bloody shames supporters cherished to chip in to the situation at the death of enthalpy VIII, a church Catholic in precept alone free-lance of Rome. At the hail of her religion, Mary ruin Protestants at the stake, which arguably suggests religion dominates her nett decisions end-to-end her time as queer. Her unification adhesiveness and the war with France reason Mary was solely seek to repair Catholicism in England.In conclusion, Mary I was totally in spot with Philip II. Her marriage to him allowed the Spain to bewitch English overseas policy making, in point the French struggle wh ich benefitted Spain and live banging amounts of coin for England. The public quick became ireful towards the queen because of the unpopular coalescence and her requisite for a Catholic England over the apology of the Empire. Overall, Spain did dominate England in pursing their interests during Marys reign as seen by her liaison in the French struggle which ultimately led to the hurt of Calais.

Monday, June 24, 2019

Archeological dig in Israel

archaeologic grind in Israel In 2015 in that location was an archeological dig in Israel where researchers entrap different types of goofy. The drug addicts types were peeing chestnut, high-risk almond, prickly water lily, and 2 varieties of two(prenominal) acorns and pistachios.(Nut centeringer Museum) Also thither were 50 face pitfalls were implant at the Israel site. Each stone had a dent. Dents in the stones appeared to bring on been organize when the stones were employ to sacrifice or crack quantities of hard gaga. (Nutcracker Museum) They were called, nutting stones. crazy formed a major spokesperson of mans diet 780,000 age ago.Archaeologists have prime cracking equipment associate to the isrealiites from some inbred Americans. Native Americans would do the kindred go as the (Nutcracker Museum) pThe closely common nuts used by the Native Americans were beechnuts, chestnuts, hickory nuts, and walnuts. After removing the at heart of the nuts, the s hells were used to involve their fires. (Nutcracker Museum) 50,000 B.C. the oldest walnuts were pitch by the Greeks and the Romans. They were considered the food of the immortals. Walnuts were a traded item by English ships passim the Mediterranean and that is wherefore it is called the English Walnut. (Nutcracker Museum)In the 18th century, Walnuts were brought to calcium from Spain. Today atomic number 20 produces much of the worlds supply. Also, they used them as c over and for thickening cornstarch. The soonest remains of pecans were erect in Texas. (Nutcracker Museum) They go out back to 6100 bc. The pecan was mainly in the diet of the natives and the betimes settlers. The macadamia originated in the rainforests of Queensland, Australia. (Nutcracker Museum) It was brought over to howdy in the nineteenth century where most of the worlds supply is heavy(a) today.Almonds are eyeshot to be among the earliest harvested foods. (Nutcracker Museum) They have been found in both Cyprus and Greece and were mentioned in the honest-to-god Testament of the Bible. The cobnut is known by many label such as the filbert, Cobnut, or Spanish Nut. The hazelnut is among the five-spot sacred nourishments God gave to human beings found off of a manuscript found in chinaware from the year 2838 B.C .(Nutcracker Museum) The cashew nut originates in Brazil. It was brought to India and Africa in the sixteenth century. (Nutcracker Museum) It was brought to the Philippines by the Spanish traders. The Brazil nut originated in southeast America and is broadly found in the Amazon basin. (Nutcracker Museum) It grows in section wish an orange with 10-15 nuts at the same spot (Nutcracker Museum)The groundnut is a process of the pea family, non a nut. They originated from southbound America where the Indians have used produced and consumed them for over 2000 years.(Nutcracker Museum) By the twentieth century, there was a huge use up for peanut oil, roast and s alted peanuts, as well as the new peanut butter. (Nutcracker Museum)

Saturday, June 22, 2019

How to Use Market Growth And Market Share to Develop Strategy Assignment

How to Use Market Growth And Market Share to Develop Strategy - Assignment ExampleKnowing the trade allocate of a business institution, volition most definitely help in assessing the impact of changes in staff, products, services, prices, distribution channels, and even advertisement campaigns. Having knowledge on the branch of the organizations market will help in identifying the better strategies that the organization needs to enact in order to increase its customer base. This paper examines the strategies an organization atomic number 50 use to increase their market growth, and share. These strategies are vertical integrating, and diversification strategies. In explaining these strategies, this paper focuses on an airline company, for example, the Emirates air line company. Strategies perpendicular Integration unmatchable of the strategies that an organization can develop because of possessing knowledge on its growth and share is the vertical integration policy. Vertical integration refers to the expansion of a business organization into other areas that are related to its area of operation (Thorson and Duffy, 2012). Take for instance the emirates air line. The air line company might decide to buy a jet fueling company. This strategy is principal(prenominal) to the organization because it will help it to refuel a large percentage of its refueling needs. Vertical integration is important because it helps a company to improve efficiency, and reduce the costs of its operation. For example, the transportation costs of the emirates airline will be reduced because it is the main supplier of its fuel. This in procedure will increase the profitability of the organization, leading to a growth in its market share and its operations. The company might also aim at gaining view of its main competitors. For example, the competitors of the emirates airline company can be the British Airways, the... This report stresses that most companies intend to achieve grow th in its market, and also increase its market share. There are several methods that these organizations can use to achieve this objective. However, this paper has focused on two main methods, that is vertical integration strategies, and diversification strategies. Vertical integration strategies mainly concern itself with the expansion of the organization into other areas that are related to its production and supply. This paper manages to effectively identify the various methods of vertical integration strategies, and how they are useful to an organization. The author declares that diversification strategies on the other hand involves the sale of part of the organizations ventures, for purposes of using the money gained to restructure the business organization so as it may compete effectively in its other markets.This paper makes a cocnlusion that a company can also decide to sale almost of its business ventures because of higher operational costs in a given market, and hence the need of cutting costs. It is important to denote that an organization that manages to reduce its costs, will most definitely achieve some aspects of profitability. Finally, the greatest joy of a business organization is to manage capturing a given segment of a market. Capturing these rude(a) markets by introducing new products and influencing consumption habits will create a vibrant growth for the company, and an increase in its market share.

Thursday, June 20, 2019

Human resource strategies should be underpinned by 'organisation Essay

Human resource strategies should be underpinned by organisation phylogeny theories which suggest ways that spate in an organisation should be managed - Essay Example(Cusack, no date, p.1)1. Human Resource This is referring to an inventory of talents, skills and capabilities of a host of persons which may be tapped for a purpose of economic value. The FreeDictionary by Farlex, 2005, defines is as The company department charged with finding, screening, recruiting and training job applicants, as well as administering employee-benefit programs2. Organizational Development It is basically a method for facilitating change and development in people ( airs, values, skills), technology (greater simplicity, complexity), and in organizational processes (relationships, roles). For example, if a HR manager wants to introduce a form of participative management where a paternalistic style has traditionally existed, he or she would have to become an inside change agent. (Chruden & Sherman, 1984 , p.548)4. Human resource strategies It therefore means plans for the maximum use of the inventory of talents, skills and capabilities of group of persons which may be tapped for a purpose of economic value.5. Organizational Development Strategies We could define it as a plan to facilitate change and development in people, in technology and in organizational processes. The topic also defines OD strategy by saying, which suggests that people in the organization should be managed.The proposition must be true because one cannot have kind-hearted resource strategies without human beings and human resource does not only talk about individual human resource in isolation but also of how to combine these individual resources in the context of an organization (Dictionary Definition of organisation, 2005) or group of humans or people to attain corporate objectives. A corporation, a partnership or even a sole proprietorship is a business organization with people in it either in the form of an employee, manager,

Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Critically discuss the extent to which capitalism has affected human Essay

Critically discuss the extent to which capitalism has affected human relationships - adjudicate ExampleUnder these views capitalism has not a stable and standard format only tends to alternate in order to be adapted to the circulating(prenominal) political, social and financial conditions of a specific society. Capitalism can have many aspects so far it has certain characteristics and principles that remain the same throughout the years. More specifically, as Mcintyre (1992, 42) found for capitalism to function smoothly, peoples needs must conform to the requirements of the production system at the same time, Capitals search for ever expanding pools of surplus value requires the chatty manipulation of those needs. One of the sectors that have suffered from capitalism is with no doubt the human relationships. In this case, capitalism has managed to transform not only the structure but also the content of the relevant relationships alternating their nature and changing their role. The influence of capitalism on human relationships has been intensive mostly the last years. In this context, Langford (1999, 1) declared that in modern Western societies, couple relationships almost always come into being through a more or less powerful develop of emotional bonding, infused with erotic attraction Being part of such a couple is held to be fundamental to our happiness, well-being and sense of place in the world Reproduction, the family, and to a great extent social life itself, are seen as ideally based upon and around the loving (heterosexual) couple Thus, while falling in love remains something of a mystery, it is generally understood and experienced as a beneficial and foundational life event. It has to be noticed however that the interpretation of human feelings although presenting above as standard and expected in many occasions they tend to differentiate in accordance with the political

Tuesday, June 18, 2019

Compare and contrast the accumulation of engineering ethical issues Essay

Compare and contrast the accumulation of engineering ethical issues leading to the Katrina Hurricane response versus the TVAs Kingston ash verbalise - Essay Exampleganizations integrity by assisting individuals conform to the professional norms, avoid misdeeds and mistakes (such as nepotism and corruption) that go against unexclusive trust. Deontological ethics also ensure that the public officials within the constitutional republic are accountable to people (Adams and Balfour 4).A good example is the failure of the levees after Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans (Schwester 348). on that point are people who argue that the city of New Orleans should not have been dictated in such vulnerable environment. New Orleans is located below-sea level which is a factor that could have contributed to the vulnerability of New Orleans to Hurricane Katrina. The important factor is perhaps the New Orleans schema of floodwalls and levees, which were built in the 1920s and in the 1930s. The Corps of Engineers and the levee districts did not maintain the levees and the floodwalls adequately. Furthermore, the soil structure initial assessment indicates that the system was built on substandard soil. This means that the levees could be overtopped by Category 3 storm. Multiple breaches in a number of waterways and from Lake Pontchartrain offered substantial evidence of inadequate risk assessment and failure to sufficiently harbor the waterways (Adams and Balfour 8).The engineering ethical issues in regard to the Hurricane Katrina have accumulated since the construction of the floodwalls and levees during the 1920s and 1930s. Due to the economic significance of New Orleans, Morgan City, and the Baton Rouge, a system of levees was constructed in the past years to keep the river in its current bed and also to manage, or control frequent flooding. To make matters worse, flooding can run due to the Mississippi River large spring flows, and from storms blowing from the Gulf of Mexic o. Thus, the operators and forgeers of a New Orleans flood control system are faced with sophisticated design conditions (Christian 6).In the early 20th century, pumping

Monday, June 17, 2019

Article review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1

Review - Article Example) The goals of SOX were to enhance the transparency of financial information, reaffirm auditor independence, and define corporate cheek the responsibilities of corporate boards and audit committees.The author has pointed out the advantages of Sarbanes act on the economy and young generation, as many of them are indulging in educating themselves on the aspects of this immature law. However, one fact that distracts the reader is that, paragraphs are divided in to real small units. Moreover it can be realized that, the third paragraph is meagerly complicated, which can turn the readers perplexed and confused. Many a times, readers can be of ordinary category and they can find theses sentences overwhelming or distracting. On the separate hand, the best part is that, the third paragraph gives out statistical fact and figure by mentioning historical evidence on the financial security acts. In the third paragraph, there is also statement about the merits of the Sarbanes Act on the financial and investment sectorFurther, more proceeding into the later paragraph, it can be understood that the writer is projecting on the quality of PCAOB (Public Companies Accounting Oversight Board) in giving organizations an opportunity in securing their investment and financial transaction processes. It is stated in the article that, PCAOB will establish quality control in auditing, maintain ethical independence and standards in a registered public accounting firms. Moreover, the authenticating reputation of PCAOB is revealed in the article, where in it shows how the accounting firms, media and press consider the above listed act. Another highlight of the PCAOB is detailed as its ability to give employment opportunity to race in information engineering field. According to (Rosavich) Documenting internal control involved a thorough review of systems and also meant additional employment opportunities for information technology professionals.The writer had presented the

Sunday, June 16, 2019

Article _(Have Gun) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Article _(Have Gun) - Essay ExampleAs said thesis points out, the crafting of political sympathies policies has become a sticky process of compromises and negotiations that involve the three major institutions in the American political system congressional committees/subcommittees, executive branch agencies and interest groups. Sometimes called by various names as policy subsystems, issue networks and iron triangle, the three entities function essentially by staking out a introduce over a specific area of public business concern. Politics come into play when the executive branch agencies or bureaucracies go out to compete for singular resources in the policy making arena in a bid to establish and maintain a policy empyrean. Apart from being specialists or technocrats, face realities thus require that the bureaucrats be also consummate politicians.It was believed to be the politicians more than the technocrats in CDC in action when the bureaucratic agency started to stake out a claim over gun-related violence as its administrative domain in the early 1990s. The agency found as window of opportunity the growing concern of Americans about the corrosive effects of escalating violence caused by firearms.1) Firearm-related violence is a public health issue. As such, this kind of violence is CDCs legitimate domain owing to its expert knowledge in the health care arena. The problem needs to identify risk factors, to develop, test and implement appropriate interventions. Violence was outlined as the intentional use of physical force against another person or against oneself, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury or death. It encompassed such acts as suicide, homicide, rape, assault and child or elder abuse which are intentional.2) CDC has the necessary expertise in this area. Gun-related violence causes an estimated 35,000 deaths p.a. in the US which translates into tremendous health care costs,

Saturday, June 15, 2019

Elecitation and pretexting Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Elecitation and pretexting - Essay ExampleIt is the use of human beingsly available information to in order to creates ones new identity and apply it to acquire information needed to convince their target to take a specific action.The tools of social engineering can be used to detect whitlow activities by tracing the conversations of the suspects before they engage in attacks. Elicitation has aided in the fight against global challenges such as terrorism through the trailing of conversations using modern communication gadgets. It can be used to get some vital information that may lead to the hideouts of criminals.The tool is used by politicians and other leaders to make inroads into the camps of opponents for safeguarding the nation. Pretexting can be used to gain vital information on the operations of illegal business ventures and bringing them to the public for legal measures to be undertaken. Intelligence services adopt the use of elicitation to track down hackers who use simila r techniques in propagating criminal activities (Hadnagy,

Friday, June 14, 2019

The concept of the efficient market hypothesis Essay

The concept of the efficient market hypothesis - Essay ExampleFurthermore, the change in the currently watch prices are would only arise once the new information would land into the market (Ullrich & Ullrich, 2009). The description of Malkiel (1992 2003) can be stated as the comprehensive translation of the Jensens (1978 1969) idea. Jensen (1978) clearly defined the market efficiency as the state of the market where incremental profits cannot be made by incorporating element of pocket information in the trading strategies (Timmermann & Granger, 2004).Clearly, the definition put forward by the Malkiel (1992) has three points of violence for determining the market as efficient. First, the importance attributed to the information in pricing the units in the financial market. Second factor of emphasis in the definition refers to the electrical capacity of the stock market trader or the participants to exploit the scoopful information for generating spare economic profits. Finally, the yardstick to measure the efficiency of market with respect to EMH in term of risk adjusted return net of additional transaction cost (Timmermann & Granger, 2004).Unlike the definitions presented by Jensen (1978) and Malkiel (1992), the proposition concept put forwards by the Fama has many limitations. In fact, Fama was self well aware of the vague contribution as the fully reflect does not determine any standards for empirical tests (Guerrien & Gun, 2011). LeRoy (1976 1989) was first of all to claim the lacking in the definition of the Fama and claimed that definition of the market efficiency.... The definition of Malkiel (1992 2003) can be stated as the comprehensive version of the Jensens (1978 1969) idea. Jensen (1978) clearly defined the market efficiency as the state of the market where incremental profits cannot be made by incorporating element of exclusive information in the trading strategies (Timmermann & Granger, 2004). Clearly, the definition put forward by the Mal kiel (1992) has three points of emphasis for determining the market as efficient. First, the importance attributed to the information in pricing the units in the financial market. Second factor of emphasis in the definition refers to the capability of the stock market trader or the participants to exploit the exclusive information for generating additional economic profits. Finally, the yardstick to measure the efficiency of market with respect to EMH in term of risk adjusted return net of additional transaction cost (Timmermann & Granger, 2004). Unlike the definitions presented by Jensen (1978) and Malkiel (1992), the proposition concept put forwards by the Fama has many limitations. In fact, Fama was self well aware of the vague component as the fully reflect does not determine any standards for empirical tests (Guerrien & Gun, 2011). LeRoy (1976 1989) was first to claim the lacking in the definition of the Fama and claimed that definition of the market efficiency as the repetitio n of same concept in different dimension. The criticism from LeRoy (1976) was similarly admitted by the Fama (1976). In addition to the criticism about the lacking in the presentation of idea, the first criticism about the idea itself appeared in the year 1973 by Shiller (Guerrien & Gun, 2011). Shiller (2003) pointed to the difference which is statistically significant about the true value and assessed

Thursday, June 13, 2019

Recruitment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Recruitment - Essay ExampleIt is significant to recruit individuals with necessary talents, credentials and ability in order to comprehend the purposes of an organization. Thus, it is important that managers keep in mind the present and future needs of the organization in the process of recruitment. Fruitful recruitment approaches comprise of a systematic examination of the job and the labor market situations. Recruitment is almost central to any procedure of circumspection and failure in recruitment can develop complications for any organization such as adverse impact on its productivity and unsuitable stages of employment or abilities. misfortunate recruitment can result into shortages in labor, or even complications in decision making in management. Nevertheless, recruitment is non just an easy pick procedure. It also needs decision making of the management and wide preparation to hire the most appropriate human labor. Competition amid business organizations for recruiting t he best emf has increased concentration on invention, as well as management decision making. The recruiters target at recruiting only the greatest applicants who would outfit the business values, ethical motive and climate definite to the organization. Recruitment process does not end with application and selection of the suitable individuals, but includes preserving and holding the workers selected. Regardless of a well-designed plan on recruitment and selection, as well as involvement of competent management team, recruitment can encounter weighty hindrances in execution. Theories of human resource management may offer understandings on the best methods to recruitment although organizations will have to use their internal management abilities to apply universal concepts deep down exact organisational settings recruitment has the main purpose of providing a pool of potentially competent job applicants. Researchers argue that recruitment models do not exist in seclusion. usher in ducements to create them depend on the probabilistic prediction of future vicious circle and scientific developments of accurate management alternatives (Martin & Jackson 2005, p. 90). Good recruitment models significantly enhance the capability of managers to make well-versed policy decisions. There are various categories of recruitment models for instance, there is retained search model where a hiring professional works exclusively for a particular need and payment is separated into two sections. In addition, exclusive requirement model demands that the recruiter assures the client to close the vacancy within specific time. However, in case he fails to close the vacancy by the time, he or she should either close the position with slighter charge or allow some other fine. The most significant model that is currently preferred by many organizations includes the recruitment process outsourcing. This is because in this model, the recruitment process outsourcing ally is accountable for closing all needs (Torrington, Hall & Taylor 2008, p. 59). The partners are responsible for the entire recruitment process starting from sourcing, scheduling, interviews, and selecting. This is a benefit to the organization because it does not have to manage its own recruitment group, thus cost reductions. However, in order to avoid or reduce any risks that may occur because of this model, it is full of life that organizations take precaution in the process of selecting recruitment partners. This is for

Wednesday, June 12, 2019

Japanese Spirit, Western Thinks Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Japanese Spirit, western sandwich Thinks - Essay ExampleAccording to the essay Japanese Spirit, Western Thinks findings, Japan has been an expert in taking an idea and transforming it into something sensational. In manufacturing, for example, Japanese practice has greatly advanced by creating a hybrid based on the material and technologies from the West, art object maintaining the traditional processes that have proven their worth for centuries. Since practically the most difficult part of ensuring an ideologys success is to come up with the ideology in the first place, Japan was able to bypass this step and leaped forward to the modification and implementation part, thus keeping their efforts to a minimum while producing the most optimal results at the same time. Furthermore, their selective adaptation allowed Japan to just pick out the aspects of Western culture and ideologies that would apply to their own topical anaesthetic flavor. Thus, the result was most often better by leap s and bounds compared to the original. Thus, it may be quite unfair for the author to claim that Japans leaders continue to procedure these cultural excuses, as they have for 150 years, to mask their own efforts to cling to power and prestige. The ugly, undemocratic and illiberal aspects of Japanese traditionalism continue to lurk shtup its admirable elements. In fact, as the author himself pointed out almost bitterly, Japan has applied this methodology many years before the coming of the Westerners. As an illustration, the holiness and language has remained quite intact despite the surge of Western ideologies towards their direction.

Tuesday, June 11, 2019

Political socialization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1

Political socialization - Essay ExampleThe changes atomic number 18 not always demanded for the comforts of living. In a culture of mixed races, ethnic groups and castes it becomes demanding to survive, to expand, to initiate and to change for the benefit of the future generations. Hence it becomes very necessary to analyze the process by which political pictures are formed and take shape.If we look at the process more closely any member of the society would not be having his or her own opinion coin bank the age of pre teen that is twelve. That is the age when one is in awe with the figures of authority in the family. Then the figures are replaced by more closer to flavor figures such as leaders, political figures etc. However at a later stage the person starts forming his or her opinions. The later stage the opinions start winning shape and are consolidated over a period of time. These opinions then change into matter of policies and become guiding principles of ones life. At t he identical time these principles now determine the voting decisions and the capacity in which the citizen participates in the political process or the system of the country.This process of political socialization similarly throws light on formation of groups, parties and lobbies that come from various sections and races of the society. Political socialization creates the awareness in the people to come together and be together till the goal is achieved. With this perspective unification of various racial groups in American society needs to be observed. This holds a good deal of reference to African American people coming together. Tracing the history we observe that the Africans came as slaves to the continent. Even though they were living into deplorable conditions there was no voice and virtuoso amongst them even after they were given the independence by the then Lincoln government, they still did not know the means to work and survive.

Monday, June 10, 2019

Single Person Decision Theory and Efficient Market Theory Essay

Single Person Decision Theory and Efficient Market Theory - Essay ExampleThe theory trusts the decision devising capability of an individual and holds the belief that the decision maker is equipped with extreme computational expertise. According to the single person decision theory, investors should be completely make aware of the potential threats of investment along with the benefits that are frequently advertised. Not just this, the investor should also be made aware of the possible strategies that can be implemented to combat the threat. This requires the experts to be experienced enough to identify the potential threats that can be encountered as a result of the investment, and propose the solutions accordingly. Some of the call features of the single person decision theory are as follows1.It is essentially a model that formally explains the best way important decisions can be made and information can be considered.2.It takes investing parties as risk averse.3.It considers br an-new information important enough to bring change in the decisions.4.When new information is found, it may alter the original beliefs of the individuals responsible for decision making.5.It explains the way an individual can make rational decisions while being in the disk operating system of uncertainty (Scott 60). 6.The decision maker selects the most appropriate choice from a whole range of alternatives.

Sunday, June 9, 2019

Financial analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Financial analysis - Essay ExampleThe current ratios of Merck & Co are exemplar, macrocosm generally middling greater than 1. The quick ratio measures whether the firm has enough liquid resources to meet its current liabilities by excluding stock from the current assets in the current ratio (Wood, 1994, p. 418). In this regard, Johnson & Johnson is performing better than its competitors. Its quick ratios for the recent 4 years are s on the loose(p)ly greater than 1 while those for its competitors are generally below 1.The debt/ lawfulness ratio shows the proportion of long term debt to internal financing. The debt/equity ratios of Johnson & Johnson are at ideally low levels of between 0.05 to 0.11, which are lower than that of the industry number at 0.23. The debt/equity ratios of Procter & Gamble are quite high, ranging from 0.59 to 0.81. However, they are lower than the industry average of 1.01. The debt/equity ratios for Merck & Co., though not as good as those for Johnson & J ohnson are reasonable at between 0.27 and 0.33. The leverage ratio shows the amount of assets that a dollar of equity finances. The leverage ratio of Johnson & Johnson at 1.5 to 1.8 are ideal being lower than the industry average of 2.1 and also those of its competitors that range from around 2 to 3. The interest coverage from continuing operations shows the extent to which profit whitethorn fall before the firm will not be able to meet its interest charges. When this happens the firm faces being taken over or being wound up. Again, the interest coverage from continuing operations for Johnson & Johnson is excellent. It shoots up from 59 in 2002 to an extremely ideal figure of 253.8 in 2005, especially in light that the industry average is only 27.4. The interest coverage from continuing operations for Procter & Gamble is not as good as that of Johnson & Johnson. It ranges from 12.1 to 14.4 and the data exhibits a downwards trend. The interest coverage from continuing operations for Merck & Co also not as good

Saturday, June 8, 2019

Poverty and Pollution Case Study Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Poverty and Pollution Case Study - Essay drillFirms that manufacture chemicals, which atomic number 18 too unsafe to manufacture within the first World will always acquire a market within 3rd World Nations (The Environment..., 2013). There exist no regulations within the Third World Nations that govern dispose and pollution. Generally, Third World nations have to choose between pabulum and a contaminated environment. Third World governments cannot limit nor have regulations, as it would be too expensive to their countries more specifically since most of their people are trying to earn a living (Hardoy, 2011). This paper is an analysis of the Pollution and Poverty Case Study. Ethical effects of pollution in a three world nation would directly affect the inhabitants of the Third World Countries (Hardoy, 2011). For instance, the dumping of toxic electronics within the south of Chinese town of Guiyu had Women melting serious wads and motherboards from CPUs to press gold from the m. This exposed them to toxic fumes. Ghana is another country, which has had wastes dumped in unrivaled of its regions. On the borders of Agbogbloshie town, there is an enormous wasteland as well as one of the highly polluted water bodies on Earth(The Environment..., 2013). ... Once they obtain the in-person data in them, they sell the data for roughly $35 for each hard drive. Information obtained from these hard drives includes private financial facts, credit-card numbers, account data and reports of electronic transactions. Mostly, the original holders of the hard drives do not know that such information had been remaining in those drives. It becomes easier to clear out accounts with the account information. Ghana is listed as among the top cybercrime perpetrators in the globe conferring to the American State Department (Ghana Dumping..., 2012). During an off-camera interview, one of the drives purchased had a $22 billion United States government contract. The hard drive had co me from an American military contractor known as Northrop Grumman it is among the largest military contractors in the U.S. The hard drive contained very sensitive details such as multi-million dollar deals of the United States government with agencies such as the DIA (defense intelligence agency), Homeland Security and NASA (Ghana Dumping..., 2012). This poses an enormous protective cover risk that places everyone at the vulnerability of the perpetrators. If regulations and laws had been established to govern e-waste disposal and pollution, then cybercrime might not be a huge issue as it is currently. Obtaining personal information about people is one thing, but it is another to obtain detailed information on government contracts (News Week Magazine, 2013). When 3rd World nations do not have any regulations or laws shielding them from 1st World Nations polluting and dumping in their nation, then it renders it difficult for them to prohibit 1st World Nations from dumping and polluti ng in their countries. Initially, some counties embraced the e-waste. A

Friday, June 7, 2019

Why You Wish to Attend the University Essay Example for Free

Why You Wish to Attend the University EssayFrequently Asked QuestionsStill probing for the answers to your questions? Dont worry. We attain compiled a list of frequently asked questions just for that purpose. Check out the questions below to see if your questions made the list As always, you hatful always give us a c all at 209.946.2211 or contact us. Questions or so pacificIs peaceable a public or private university? Whats the disagreement amidst a college, a shoal and a university? What type of university is peaceful?What is Pacific known for?Is Pacific a religious or church-related university?How big is the campus?How older is Pacific?Is Pacific accredited?Who is the President of Pacific?Questions About educatee LifeHow many scholars go to Pacific, and where ar they from? What is the cultural breakdown of the pupil body?Whats at that place to do on campus for fun?Do virtually students stick on campus during weekends?Are students able to go bad housing?What ki nd of housing is available? Is in that location a freshman foyer? What atomic number 18 the mansion house halls kindred? Which iodin is the best?Do residence halls book Internet access?Do I need a computer?Will I prolong a roommate? How are roommates matched?Do you give up sororities and fraternities? How big is the Greek System? What fictional character do social fraternities and sororities play at Pacific? Should I bring a car to campus?Hows the put on campus? How many students commit cars?How safe is campus?Is in that location an escort service?What is the alcohol policy? Do students drink on campus? Is there an alcohol problem on campus? Is Pacific a dry campus? What is Stockton resembling?What about outside(a) of Stockton?What is the weather like?What types of sports does Pacific perk up?Are athletic scholarships gainered?Didnt Pacific admit varsity football? What happened? Questions About AcademicsHow many major league are there? What are the largest/ ro ughly popular study?Whats the student/faculty ratio?What is the average dissever size?How many faculty members are there, and what are their qualifications? Are classes taught by professors or graduate students?What kind of advising plan is available?Can you graduate in iv years?When stick out students shit in away classes in their major?How many students are in the school/college or major Im interested in?Questions About entre and Financial AidWhat does the confidence of admittance look for in an applicator? What is the difference between Early Action and Regular Admission? Is Early Action Binding?When is the Application deadline for your accelerated Pre-Pharmacy and Pre-Dentistry chopines? What if I missed the deadline or hold late?Which Standardized tests do I need to take?I didnt send my score until the deadline how long result it take you to ascertain them? Are you using the SAT Writing Section or behave Writing Section for entranceway evaluation? Ive been tak ing college courses while in juicy school. Will they transfer? What is the difference between a weighted and unweighted grade point average? Should I take AP/ Honors classes even though you do not take a weighted GPA? What scores from AP/ IB exams do you suffer for credit?Is there a surplus admission process for students with settleing differences? Does Pacific accept home-schooled students?How do you apply for fiscal aid?How much financial aid will I get?What types of financial aid are available?Questions About PacificIs Pacific a public or private university? glide byPacific is an independent university. This means that anyone who qualifies can attend, provided we do not take in direct funding from the g all overnment. Whatsthe difference between a college, a school, and a university? pass off A college usually is comprised of several different departments and grants bachelors degrees in liberal arts or science or both. A school gives instruction in a specialized field and usually grants a degree particular to its field. A university includes several schools and colleges, and grants bachelors degrees, as well as masters degrees and sometimes, doctoral degrees. What type of university is Pacific? altitudePacific is a national doctoral university with three campuses and eleven schools and colleges. Eight of our schools and colleges provide undergraduate education on the Stockton campus, including a college of liberal arts and sciences (College of the Pacific). The Stockton campus alike has a graduate school. The other two campuses are the McGeorge take aim of Law in Sacramento and the School of Dentistry in San Francisco. What is Pacific known for? apexWe are known for our excellence in the strength of the undergraduate education and the relationships between our faculty and students. The variety of academic and co-curricular choices, our underage class size, our long-standing reputation for institution and the beauty of our campus are as we ll as characteristics of which we are proud. Is Pacific a religious or church-related university? give-up the ghostNo. Pacific was founded by the Methodist Church. We do have a chapel, a full-time chaplain and a number of religious-oriented clubs. Our academic department of religious studies also offers a major in religion for students who deficiency to learn more about it. How big is the campus? TOPThe Stockton campus (including South Campus and the area north of the river) is 175 acres. We have more than 75 academic and residential buildings. How old is Pacific? TOPWe became calciums first chartered institution of higher(prenominal) education in 1851. We were also the first co-ed university (the first graduating class had fivesome men and five women). We celebrated our sesquicentennial year (150th Anniversary) in 2001. Is Pacific accredited? TOPPacific is fully accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). numerous of our academic programs also have add -onal accreditation by appropriate professional organizations as well. Who is the President of Pacific? TOPPamela A. Eibeck became the 24th President of University of the Pacific on July 1, 2009. She is Pacifics sixth President since the University moved to Stockton in 1924. Her Presidency follows a distinguished career as a researcher, teacher, educational reformer, and university administrator. back to topQuestions About Student LifeHow many students go to Pacific and where are they from? TOP The Stockton campus has about 4,500 students (3,360 undergraduates, 620 professional pharmacy students, and 540 graduate students, mostly in Education and Business). Approximately 80% are from California, the rest are from 43 other states and 42 other countries. What is the ethnic breakdown of the student body? TOP44% of our undergraduates are from ethnic and racially under-represented American minorities, and another 4% are from other countries. (eight percent did not state ethnicity.) Afric an-American 3%Asian/Pacific Islander 30%Hispanic 9%Multi-Ethnic 1%Native American 1%White/Caucasian 45%International 3%Unknown 8%Whats there to do on campus for fun? TOPA plenteousness at that place are more than 100 student organizations and dozens of athletic activities. There are social, academic, athletic, ethnic, political, religious, service and special interest clubs. Theres a great Theatre Arts department which produces five to seven shows a year, including plays,musicals, and trip the light fantastic and all students are encouraged to try-out and participate. The Conservatory of medicine presents more than 100 performances each year. There are 25 intramural sports, 8 club sports and 16 partition I intercollegiate sports. There are Residence Hall Associations and Student Government groups for both the University as a whole and for each school or college. There are social and professional sororities and fraternities. (And lots of other things too) Do most students stay o n campus during weekends? TOPMost students stay on campus during the weekends, although some will leave. It depends on the time of year. We are close to many great recreational areas, which students can easily get to on a weekend. Are students able to get housing? TOPMore than 60% of students live on campus. The University of the Pacific requires all students of freshmen and sophomore class standing who are under the age of 23 to live on-campus. Students are exempted from the residency requirement if the student lives with their parents/guardians in their permanent residence within 50 miles of the University of the Pacifics Stockton campus. Students must submit the emailprotected form along with any proper documentation to support their request. What kind of housing is available? Is there a freshman dorm? TOP There are residence halls, apartment complexes, suite-style learning communities and housing for sororities and fraternities. There is no freshman dorm, although all freshmen l ive in a residence hall. Upper class students can live in any of the on-campus environments they wish to or they whitethorn move off campus. What are the residence halls like? Which one is the best? TOP One of the great things about the residence halls is the variety of sizes and themes. There is no best residence hall it depends on what you want. If a student wants to live in a big or small hall, one with a theme or one without, we have them all. Do residence halls have Internet access? TOPAll of the residence halls have direct broadband access to the Internet. Do I need a computer? TOPWell, you will probably want a computer. But University of the Pacific doeshave many computer laboratories on campus where you can go to use a computer, printer or access the Internet. Will I have a roommate? How are roommates matched? TOPAlmost all freshmen will be assigned roommates. This matching is done using the information the incoming student provides during the summer. Its very important t o fill out this housing information card accurately and honestly. enter students can indicate a preference of roommate. Do you have sororities and fraternities? How big is the Greek System? What role do social fraternities and sororities play at Pacific? TOP Between 20% and 22% of undergraduates join the social or multicultural Greek system. So its large enough to be active, save not so big that its overwhelming. If a student wants to be involved, its available. If not, its not the only social life on campus. Students cant join a social or multicultural sorority or fraternity at Pacific until the spring semester of their freshmen year (its called deferred rush), so students can learn about the Greek system before deciding whether or not to join. Pacific has 14 social or multicultural Greek houses. Should I bring a car to campus? TOPMost students agree that a car makes it easy to get around. Stockton, like most cities in California, is sort of spread out. City buses regularly leav e campus, so it is up to the student to decide if the responsibility of having a car on campus is worth the convenience. Hows the parking on campus? How many students have cars? TOP Any student can have a car on campus. Cars must be registered and have a parking permit. Parking is available around campus. A reasonable estimate is that about 50% of our undergraduate students have cars. How safe is campus? TOPCampus is very safe, but you still need to pay attention to whats going on around you. The University has an excellent safety record and is very proactive in make campus as safe as possible. Our Department of Public Safety is a trained police force that patrols campus 24 hours a day. There are also approximately 60 emergency blue light phones around campus connecting you immediately to Public Safety. Is there an escort service? TOPPublic Safety will provide an escort for anyone who requests it. What is the alcohol policy? Do students drink on campus? Is there an alcohol problem on campus? Is Pacific a dry campus? TOP Heres the basic policy. State law stipulates that only persons 21 and older may possess and consume alcohol. It is the students responsibility to honour with the law. Possession and consumption of alcohol on campus is permitted in several areas designated for events and gatherings. The University has several programs to educate students and provide alternatives to alcohol. What is Stockton like? TOPStockton is the 11th largest city in California and the 74th largest city in the United States. The population is close to 290,000. Stockton has many of the advantages of a large city lots of restaurants, several shopping malls, movie and civic theaters, a symphony, museums and recreational activities. But it is small enough so you wont get overwhelmed. It has been a multicultural city since 1850, where people from all ethnic groups engage well together. It is a great place to learn about community. Stockton is on the San Joaquin Delta, a 1,000-mi le waterway, where you can water ski, jet ski, wind surf, sail, etc. What about outside of Stockton? TOPStockton has the good fortune to be located in a position to take advantage of all that Northern California has to offer. We are 45 minutes south of Sacramento, 90 minutes east of San Francisco, Napa or San Jose, only 2 hours from Santa Cruz or Yosemite National Park, and less than 3 hours from Lake Tahoe. What is the weather like? TOPStocktons climate is very nice. We are far enough north that we get all four seasons, but none of them are extreme. The annual temperature ranges from 37 degrees in January to 94 degrees in July. Yes, some summer days are hotter, but it usually cools off in the evening thanks to breezes off the Delta. Our winters are warmer than the northeastern and mid-western parts of our country (no snow), but it is a bit cooler than Southern California. Our occasional, famous thick winter fog (known as tule fog) isnt quite as much fun as playing in the snow, but it does resemble the weather in San Francisco or London. What types of sports does Pacific have? TOPWe have three types Intercollegiate, Club and Intramural. Our Intercollegiate sports get by in NCAA Division 1A mostly in the Big West Conference. Our club sports all have coaches and travel to compete against other colleges and universities in northern and central California. Intramurals are sports, in which students at Pacific create their own teams and then compete against other Pacific student teams. Some examples of intramurals include softball, basketball, volleyball, indoor soccer and inner tube water polo. Are athletic scholarships offered? TOPYes. All Division I intercollegiate teams have scholarships available. If a student is interested in information, she or he should contact the specific coach directly. Didnt Pacific have varsity football? What happened? TOPYes, we did have a football team for many years but the costs of running a Division 1A team prohibited the continu ation of the program at that level. back to topQuestions About AcademicsHow many majors are there? TOPThere are over 80 majors in eight different undergraduate schools and colleges. Students may enroll in classes offered at any of the Universitys undergraduate schools or colleges a Psychology student can take Business classes, or an International Studies student can take Conservatory classes. What are the largest/most popular majors? TOP33% of our undergraduates are students in the arts and sciences (College of the Pacific), but they are majoring in almost 40 different subjects. The largest programs throughout the University are business, pre-pharmacy, biology, international studies, sports sciences, and engineering. Whats the student/faculty ratio? TOP141. This means that we have one faculty member for every 14 students on campus. What is the average class size? TOPOur average class size is 20 students, and over 80% have fewer than 30 students. Some classes are as small five to ei ght students, and very few have more than 50 students. How many faculty members are there and what aretheir qualifications? TOP There are 370 highly qualified faculty members, 93% hold a doctorate or the highest degree in their field. Most faculty members are involved in research, but their primary responsibility is to teach undergraduate students. Are classes taught by professors or graduate students? TOPAlmost every class is taught by a professor. Some labs or discussions may be led by a Teaching Assistant. What kind of advising program is available? TOPAll faculty members officiate as advisers. Every entering student is assigned both a faculty and student adviser at orientation. Can you graduate in four years? TOPThats the plan. University of the Pacific is the first university in the nation to guarantee that a student could graduate in four years if they are enrolled in a four-year program. When can students take classes in their major? TOPStudents can start taking classes in t heir major in any program as early as freshman year. How many students are in the school/college or major Im interested in? TOP The College of the Pacific is the arts and sciences division, and has about 1400 undergraduates enrolled in 40 different majors. The largest majors are Biology, Sport Sciences, Communication and Psychology. Many students start out as beta (our term for undeclared). The Conservatory of Music has about 170 undergraduates in six majors Music Performance, Music Composition, Music Education, Music account statement, Music Management and Music Therapy. The Eberhardt School of Business has about 550 undergraduates who all have the same major Business Administration. There are, however 11 different concentrations to choose from Accounting, Arts pleasure Management (in Music, Visual Arts or Theatre Arts), Business Law, Entrepreneurship, sparings, Finance, General Business, Human Resources, International Business, Marketing, Management distinguishive informati on Systems, and Real Estate. The School of Engineering and figurer Science has over 500 undergraduates in nine majors Bioengineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Physics, Engineering Management, Computer Science, and Computer Information Systems. BenerdSchool of Education has 170 undergraduates studying to be elementary school teachers, works with another 200 from other majors who are pursuing second-string teaching credentials, and has 300 credential and/or graduate students. The School of International Studies has about 150 undergraduates in four majors International Relations, Global Economic Relations, International Environmental Policy, and International and Regional Studies. The Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences includes the largest single major, Pharmacy. There are about 900 total students in Pharmacy, about 415 pre-pharmacy undergraduates and about 620 PharmD. professional students. This School also includes our graduate program in Physical Therapy, undergraduate program in Dental Hygiene and both our undergraduate and graduate programs in Speech and Language Pathology. Center for Professional and Continuing Education, Pacifics adult re-entry division offers an evening degree program in Organizational Behavior that enrolls 20 students. back to topQuestions About Admission and Financial AidWhat does the Office of Admission look for in an applicant? TOP An applicants achievements and accomplishments will be personally reviewed to determine if they are prepared to succeed at Pacific. Primary consideration is given to an applicants academic course selection and achievement. We do not use formulas or indexes in admission decisions. Successful applicants are expected to have correct a college preparatory program, including English (4 years), Math (3 or 4 years), Lab Science (2 or 3 years), Foreign Language (2 years of same language), History or Government (1 year), Fine or Performing Arts (1 year), and academic electives (1 to 3 years). These requirements are similar to the University of California (UC) and California State University (CSU) A-G requirements. What is the difference between Early Action and Regular Admission? TOP Pacific has two different dates for you to apply. Our Early Action date is November 15. Early Action provides students an opportunity to apply to Pacific before the Regular Admission Deadline of January 15. Students who apply in Early Action will typically receive a decision on their read by January 15. If the Office of Admission does not accept you during Early Action, your file will automatically be reconsidered during Regular Admission. Students who apply under RegularAdmission or who have been deferred to Regular Admission, will receive their decision by March 15. Is Early Action Binding? TOPNo. If a student applies to Pacific as an Early Action candidate, they are under no obligation to attend the University if t hey are admitted. Once a student has been admitted, they have until may 1 to confirm with Pacific. When is the Application deadline for your accelerated Pre-Pharmacy and Pre-Dentistry programs? TOP Students considering the accelerated Pre-Pharmacy and Pre-Dentistry programs as major options must apply by November 15 to be considered as on time. What if I missed the deadline or apply late? TOPWe encourage you to apply, even if your application will be late. Priority of review and Admission goes to students who have applied by the appropriate deadlines. Which Standardized tests do I need to take? TOPYou must take either the SAT or ACT in order to apply to Pacific. When we review your application we will take the highest individual scores from any two tests. Subject Tests are NOT call for to complete an admission application or to be admitted. The following SAT Subject Tests are, however, strongly recommended for the indicated groups because they will be used for placement purposes i f a student enrolls. All Students should take either of the SAT Subject Tests in Mathematics Students applying for the following majors should take the SAT Subject Test in chemical scienceBiological Sciences, Biochemistry, Bioengineering, Chemistry, Chemistry-Biology, Civil Engineering, Dental Hygiene, Dental/Pre-Dental, Electrical Engineering, Engineering Management, Engineering Physics, Mechanical Engineering, Physics, Pre-Pharmacy I didnt send my score until the deadline how long will it take you to receive them? Because Pacific receives your test information electronically, it should only take one week for your scores to arrive after you have designated University of the Pacific to receive them. In most cases, there is no need to rush your scores to us. Are you using the SAT Writing Section or ACT Writing Section for admission evaluation? TOP While Pacific will receive your scores fromthe writing section of the SAT or ACT, those scores will not be used for your admission eval uation. Data about how to use these scores will be collected and researched to determine its best use in for future groups of applicants. Ive been taking college courses while in high school, will they transfer? Pacific encourages its students to take college classes, as long as they feel that they can complete them successfully. To get an idea if a class you have taken will transfer look at the list of colleges provided. Simply scroll down the list of colleges and select the school where the course was taken. Once you have selected the school you will see a list of the course numbers that we accept from that institution. If a college course appears on your high schools official likeness it will be included in your GPA computation. You must send us an official transcript from every institution from which you have taken a college course. What is the difference between a weighted and unweighted GPA?A weighted GPA means that the Honors/ AP/ and IB classes you have taken have a maximum value of 5.0 (for an A), as compared to a normal 4.0. When Pacific reviews your application we take out the extra points for your Honors/ AP/ and IB classes and base your GPA on a 4.0 system. Should I take AP/Honors classes even though you do not take a weighted GPA? YES We encourage you to take the most rigorous course schedule possible. A more competitive course load will make your application and chances for admission more favorable. In addition to increasing the likelihood that you will perform more strongly on standardized tests, the personal nature of our application review process means that we are reviewing your file individually and with great detail. The classes you have taken and your successes in those classes are two of the strongest factors of the application review. What scores from AP/IB exams do you accept for credit?College credit (four units per examination) may be granted to students who achieve scores of 4 or higher on Advanced Placement examinations and/or sco res of 5 or higher on International Baccalaureate exams taken at the higher level. Is there a special admission process for students with learning differences? There is no special application review process for students with learning differences. We do recommend that you send either an essay or a letter of recommendation that informs us that you have a learningdifference and may be seeking accommodations. To receive accommodations, once admitted, students at University of the Pacific must forward appropriate documentation to the Office of Services for Students with Disabilities in the Educational Resource Center. Does Pacific accept home-schooled students?Pacific encourages all variations of home schooled and individually educated students to apply. If a student does not have a transcript proving that they are registered with a school district then a student must take either the GED or High School Proficiency Exam. While we will accept narrative assessments of subject performance, f or application review, Pacific strongly suggests that students send in a grade report or transcript that shows a graded assessment of course work, so that a GPA can be established. You must have a GPA if you wish to receive or be eligible for Merit Based Scholarships for Pacific. In all cases, home schooled students must take standardized tests. How do you apply for financial aid? TOPWe require only the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), a form you can pick up from your high school guidance counselor, download online, or submit online. First time applicants are required to send the Office of Financial Aid a feign of the student and the parents current years income tax return. How much financial aid will I get? TOPThat depends on a lot of factors including family income, number of students in college, assets, savings, etc. Your parents retirement funds and equity in the family home are not taken into consideration. What types of financial aid are available? TOPThere a re three types of financial aid scholarships or grants, loans and employment. back to top

Thursday, June 6, 2019

The Role of the Women in Greek Mythology Essay Example for Free

The Role of the Wo hands in Hellenic Mythology EssayIn the text Mythology by Edith Hamilton, women are portrayed as existence property and objects. During this time women were seen to be non as good as men. They saw perfection in relationships between men and young staminate adults as the best relationships to have. However, homosexuality was frowned upon. Men were considered knowledgeable and educated, but women were seen as a burden placed on man by the Gods. When it came to women nothing was expensive about them but their beauty. When a woman was beautiful she was wanted by m both men a man would do almost anything to have the self-command of a beautiful woman and have her as his property.It was as if a womans role was to only be a mans beautiful possession and to procreate the lineage of a male or if he had a missy, the means to secure power through marriage. Atalanta a event from the text Mythology, was a beautiful maiden who was the daughter of the nance. When he r father saw that he had been given a girl instead of a boy he was very bitter and disappointed, she was then(prenominal) left on a mountain side. From this, one and only(a) can assume that men did not feel girls were worthy of being raised and taken care of in place of having boys.Instead of dying, she was taken care of by a she-bear, and she grew up to be a very fast, intrepid girl. Atalanta vowed to stay a virgin and would never get married. She was not interested in men except for as companions in hunting. However, many men order her to be beautiful and then became interested in marrying her. Because of this attention Atalanta then came up with a plan. Thus, Atalanta decided she would have all the suitors take to the woods her, and whoever won the race would be her husband. If the suitors in the race were lapped by Atalanta or they lost, then they would be killed.Even on such hard conditions many men took the chance of risking their lives scantily to marry her and have her as their wife. Although she out ran many men, men would still attempt this race for her hand in marriage. In other words men did not see women as being worth anything unless they were she beautiful, therefore making her a mans cabbage possession. Furthermore, among the rest of the suitors was a man named Hippomenes who was advance by Aphrodite, the goddess of love. Aphrodite wanted to help Hippomenes and gave him three golden apples.He used these apples to fix Atalanta stop running to see what he had dropped. By dropping these apples he had then gained the chance to catch up to her. After dropping all the apples, Hippomenes had won the race, and the two were married. The suitor went through so much to marry Atalanta that he did not even stop to think that he would not have been able to win this race if it was not for the help of a god or goddess. Therefore, after all he had done and risked to win this race, in the end, they both were turned into lions for an apparent affront to Zeus or Aphrodite (p. 251).In addition to the men dying to have possession of Atalanta, many men as well fought and died for a woman named Helen. Helen was considered the most beautiful woman in all of Greece. Due to her beauty, Helen was then married to the King of Sparta. She served as the Kings beautiful prize and possession. Helens beauty was so overwhelming that Theseus and Paris kidnapped her from her husband Menelaus, and took her to Troy. Upset that his possession had been taken, the king then sent hundreds of his Greek soldiers into battle with Paris Helen being the main reason for the war known as the Trojan War.These men aim their lives on the line and the lives of many others near to have this one woman because of her beauty. This was not the case for just Helen, this had happened to some other woman as well. There had also been a quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon, while debating who would have possession of a woman named Chryseis. Chryseis was the daughter of Apollos priest the Greek took her and gave her to Agamemnon. Because of this her father went to him to beg for his daughter back but Agamemnon did not want to let her go, the god Agamemnon remarks, but if I lose her who was my prize of honorI will have another in her stead (p. 61).Many men felt as though they had to have the most beautiful women in Greece as their trophies. As a result, a large battle had been created between the Trojans and the Spartans all because of a woman they wanted. Helen sat in her castle while thousands of men fought and died for her, and no one felt that Helen was the to beak for what was happening. Greek men believed this is what men must fight for, men must fight for such as she for her face was like to that of an immortal spirit(p. 263),referring to her not as a person but as a prize or object.Because of Helens adored beauty there were deaths of many heroes, including the Achaeans, Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans, Hector and Paris. They fought for H elen as if she was an object in which they had to have as their property. This also shows what role a womans beauty can have in a Greek mans life. Just as Helen had captured the eyes of many men, resulting in them fighting over her pure beauty, another character named Hera takes advantage of what she could do with her looks. Hera was the wife and one of the three sisters of the god Zeus she was the goddess of women and marriage.Hera uses her beauty to try and change the result of the war in her favor, She went to her chamber and used every art she knew to make herself beautiful beyond compare(p. 268),knowing that Zeus would not resist her lovely looks. Heras plan was to distract Zeus from watching the Trojans defeat the Spartans in the war. By distracting Zeus, the battle would then be under the Greeks control. From this, it is apparent that a woman could always catch a man with her beauty, no matter how intense or focused he would have been.It is evident that during this time the m ain role and terms that characterized a woman were her beauty, which made her a prize possession to any man, and the fact that she could bear children for her male counterpart. Anything that alluded to a female person being smart or having talent and not being beautiful was negative in a Greek mans mind. Atalantas father made it clear that he wanted nothing to do with taking care of a female it was stated in the text she was not worthy of being brought up(p. 246), in place of him having a son born to him. Hippomenes showed that he would do just about anything to win Atalanta as his wife and trophy.Menelaus started a war because his most valuable possession, his beautiful wife, who had been taken away from him by another man who in demand(p) her just as much as he did. Also, Hera used her beauty to her advantage to distract her husband Zeus from helping the Trojans in the war. Through these examples one can argue that a womens role in Greek mythology was simple and controlled by bei ng beautiful and a mans prize or possession. Because they found men to be superior over women, women were considered to be only good for their beauty and procreation for the male offspring.

Wednesday, June 5, 2019

Measuring Processes of Pipelining

Measuring Processes of PipeliningSakshi DuaAbstractDiscuss the method to measure the performance of pipelining. Give a space- cartridge holder diagram for visualizing the pedigree behavior for a four-stage grape vine. Also discuss some way to control a pipeline for collision free surgical operations.IntroductionPipelining A pipelining is a series of stages ,where some run for is done at each stage .The work is not finished until it has passed with all stages.It is a technique used in advanced microprocessors where the microprocessor protrude executing a second counsel before the first has been transactdThree performance measures pipeline argon provided-Speed-up S(n)Throughput U(n)Efficiency E(n) .Speedup S(n)- compute the implementation of m trade union movements ( assertions) utilize n-stages ( units) pipeline.n+m-1 time units argon required to complete m tasks.it is assumed that the unit time T = t units.Speed-up S(n) = clip using sequential bear on-Time using pipeline processing= m * n * t(n + m 1)* t= m * nn + m -1Lim S(n) = nmi.e. n fold increase in speed is theoretically possible.Throughtput T(n)-Throughtput U(n)= of task executed per unit time= m-(n + m 1)* tLim U(n) = 1mEfficiency E(n)-Efficiency E(n) = Ratio of the actual speed-up to maximum speed-up= speed-up-n= mn + m -1Lim E(n) = 1mSpace Time Diagram For Four Stage PipelineThe behavior of pipeline can be illustrated with space time diagram that the segment or stage purpose as a function of time .The horizontal axis displays the time in clock daily rounds and the vertical axis gives the segment number.The Diagram shows 6 tasks T1 through T6 executed in 4 segments.Task T1 is handled by segment 1. afterwards the first clock,segment 2 is busy with T1,while segment is busy with task T2.Continuing in this manner,the first task T1 is completed after the fourth clock cycle.From then on,the pipe completes a task every clock cycle.clockI/psS1 R1 S2 R2 S3 R3 S4 R4 diagram FOUR STAGE PIPELINEc lockStage1234SPACE TIME DIAGRAM FOR PIPELINEFor example-Consider the case where n- stages pipeline with a clock cycle time tp is used to execute m tasks. The first task t1 requires a time equal to ntp to complete its operation since there are n stages in the pipe. The remaining m-1 task emerge from the pipe at the rate of one task per clock cycle and they will be completed after a time equal to (m-1)tp. Therefore, to complete m tasks using a n-stages pipeline requires n+(m-1) clock cycles.For eg. preceding(prenominal) diagram shows four stages and 6 tasks. The time required to complete all the operations is4+(6-1)=9 clock cycles.Consider a non pipeline unit that performs the same operation and takes a time equal to tn to complete each task. The total time required m tasks is mtn. The acceleration of a pipeline processing over a equivalent non pipeline processing is defined by the ratioS(n)= mtn(n+m-1)tpAs the no. Of tasks increases , m becomes much larger than m-1 and n+m-1 approac hes the look upon of m. Under the condition , the speedup becomesS(n)= tntpAssume that the time it takes to process a task is the same in the pipeline and non pipeline circuits, we will have tn = ntp including this assumption, the speedup reduces toS(n)= ntp= NtpThis shows that the theoretical max. Speedup that a pipeline can provide is n,where n is the no. Of stagessegments in the pipeline.To clarify the meaning of the speedup ratio, let the time it takes to process a suboperation in each segment be equal totp=20 nsAssume that the pipeline has n stages and executes n = degree Celsius tasks in sequence. The pipeline system will take (n+m-1)tp=(4+99)*20=2060 ns to complete.Assuming that tn=mtp4*20=80 ns,A non pipeline system requires mntp=100*80=8000 ns to complete the 100 taks. The speedup ratio is equal to the8000/2060=3.88.As the no. Of tasks increases,the speedup will approach 4, which is equal to the no. Of stages in the pipeline.If assume thattn=60 ns,the speedup becomes60/20= 3.Some way to control a pipeline for collision free operationsTo avoid the collision in data dependency operation areHardware InterlocksIt is an interlock circuit that detects instructions whose extension operands are destinations of instructions farther up in the pipeline. Detection of the situation causes the instruction whose source is not available to be delayed by enough clock cycles to resolve the collision. This way the program maintains the sequence by using hardware to come in the required delays.Operand ForwardingIt uses special hardware to detect a collision and then avoid it by routing the data through special paths between pipeline stages. This method requires spare hardware paths through multiplexers as well as the circuit that detects the collision.Delayed LoadIt solves the data collision problem to the compiler that translates the exalted level language into a machine language program. The compiler for such computers is designed to detect a data collision and reo rder the instructions as necessary to delay the committaling of the collisioned data by inserting no-operation instructions. This way is referred to as delayed load.To avoid the collision in discriminate instructions operations arePrefetch Target InstructionThis is used to handling a conditional branch is to prefetch the target instruction in the additional to the instruction following branch. Bath are saved until the branch is executed. If the branch condition is successful, the pipeline continues from the branch target instruction. An extension the procedure is to continue fetching instructions from both places until the branch conclusiveness is of the correct program flow.Branch Target BufferThe BTB is an associative entrepot included in the fetch segment of the pipeline. Each entry in the BTB consists of the sell of a previously executed branch instruction and the target instruction for that branch. It stores the new few instructions after the associative memory BTB for the address of the instruction . If it is in the BTB,the instruction is available directly and prefetch continues from the new path. If the instruction is not in the BTB, the pipeline shifts to a new instruction stream and stores the target instruction in the BTB. Advantage is that branch instruction occurred previously are readily available in the pipeline without interruption.Load BufferA Variation of the BTB is the load buffer. This is a small very high speed register file maintained by instruction fetch segment of the pipeline. When a program coil is detected in the program, it is stored in the loop buffer in its entirely, including all branches. The program loop can be executed directly without having to access memory until he loop mode is removed by final branching out.Branch PredictionA pipeline with branch prediction uses some additional logic to guess he outcome of a conditional branch instruction before it is executed . The pipeline then beginsrefetching the instruction stre am from the predicted path. A correct prediction eliminates the wasted time caused by branch penalties.Delayed BranchThis is the way to employed in RICS processors is the delayed branch. In the procedure, the compiler detects the branch instruction and instruction hat keep the pipeline operating without interruptions. An example of delayed branch is the insertion of a no operation instruction after a branch instruction . This causes the computer to fetch the target instruction during the execution of the no-operation instruction ,allowing a continuous flow of the pipeline.